October 10, 2013
Fire Prevention Week Focusing on Avoiding Kitchen Fires
Fire Prevention Week 2013 is being observed October 6th - 12th. The public awareness campaign highlights safety tips to help decrease emergencies.
Already in 2013, the Scotland County Fire Department has responded to 29 emergency calls, including five fire calls within the Memphis city limits.
"That total includes motor vehicle accidents as well as grass fires and structure fire calls," said recording officer Greg Probst of the volunteer fire department.
The community is served by a volunteer department, with more than two dozen firemen connected by a pager system that can be called into service with a signal message from the Scotland County Dispatch system.
The City of Memphis is protected by the city fire department, which is maintained by a tax-levy system.
The volunteer firemen man the city department, jointly with the rural protection plan. The Scotland County Rural Fire Protection Corporation is a membership-based system. Dues-paying members in the county receive fire protection from the department's equipment, which is shared jointly with the city, and all housed under one roof in the Memphis Fire Station.
The goal of fire prevention week is to decrease the number of structural fire calls the department battles. In addition to stressing the need for functional smoke alarms, the public awareness campaign in 2013 is focusing on the main causes of house fires.
State Fire Marshal Randy Cole is urging Missourians to learn about and take simple steps to prevent kitchen fires. More fires occur in the kitchen than in any other room of the house. Cooking is the leading cause of home fires and of home fire-related injuries.
"Kitchen fires, especially those involving grease, can spread quickly and be very difficult to put out," State Fire Marshal Cole said. "There are other fire risks in the kitchen, too, including toasters, toaster ovens and overloaded outlets and extension cords. That is why it is essential to know how fires can start in the kitchen, understand the ways they can be prevented and have an action plan for what to do if a fire starts."
Among the safety tips that firefighters and safety advocates emphasize are:
Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling, broiling, or boiling food.
If you must leave the room, even for a short period of time, turn off the stove.
When you are simmering, baking, or roasting food, check it regularly, stay in the home, and use a timer to remind you.
If you have young children, use the stove's back burners whenever possible. Keep children and pets at least three feet away from the stove.
When you cook, wear clothing with tight-fitting sleeves.
Keep potholders, oven mitts, wooden utensils, paper and plastic bags, towels, and anything else that can burn, away from the stovetop.
Clean up food and grease from burners and stovetops.
Keep a fire extinguisher near the kitchen exit. Make sure you know how to operate the extinguisher. Fire extinguishers are never a substitute for calling the fire department, even if a fire is small.
Fire Marshal Cole suggests creating a family fire safety plan that includes learning about kitchen fire hazards and how to avoid them, as well as developing a home fire escape plan. Families should regularly practice these plans and explain them to children, revising the plan as the children grow up.
Cole adds that having a working smoke detector is essential to ensuring your family is alerted in case of a fire and suggests replacing smoke detector batteries at least once a year to help ensure they will work when needed. The end of Daylight Saving Time, 2 a.m. Sunday, November 3, 2013, when clocks are adjusted to "fall back" an hour, can serve as an easy reminder.
Fire Prevention Week is recognized annually by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and fire departments and safety agencies across the country. According to NFPA, cooking is the leading cause of home fires and related injuries. In 2011, there were 370,000 home structure fires resulting in 2,520 civilian deaths across the nation.
For more than 85 years, fire departments have observed Fire Prevention Week, making it the longest running public health and safety observance on record. For more information on "Prevent Kitchen Fires," visit www.firepreventionweek.org.